|BACK TO LOWLAND||BACK TO NEW NETHERLAND|
First map of New Netherland, in latin: Nova Belgica.
By Joan Blaey, Amsterdam 1642. First issued 1635.
The map shows a part of East America taken as colony by the Dutch in 1609.
It gives details of the coast of New France (Novea Franciae Pars), over New England (Nova Anglia) and New Netherland (Nova Belgica).
In the North -at the right- the Sint-Laurens river, named River of New Netherland (Magnus Novi Belgij).
For an explanation of the latin name Belgica see Dutch and Flemish history >>
Map of destinations of The Dutch East India Company (VOC).
|On December 18th,1603, a
Dutch VOC-fleet sailed from Holland to Mozambique, Indonesia, Ambon, Bantam, the Moluccas, Tidor and
Ternate, one of the world's most volatile volcanic belts. The Fleet consisted of twelf heavily armed
VOC ships. Both "De Gelderland" and "De Duyfken", the smallest but fastest ship
of the fleet, were part of this VOC-fleet. In 1605 orders were sent from the VOC headquarters in
Amsterdam to the Governor of the Spice Islands: --There must be more charting, mapping and exploring
of the lands further east of the Spice Islands and a renewed search for a passage through to the
This exploration required a man of courage and determination and Admiral van der Haghen had no hesitation in recommending Captain Willem Janszoon to the Governor. Janszoon, a natural leader and skilled navigator, was chosen for the hazardous voyage to the unknown. It was also thought that the small Duyfken, with its shallow beam, would be ideal for exploring the coastlines in uncharted shallow waters.
In 1606, the small, but fastest, Dutch ship "De Duyfken" sailed from the Indonesian island of Banda in search of gold and trade opportunities on the fabled island of Nova Guinea. Under the command of Willem Janszoon, "De Duyfken" and her crew ventured south-east. They sailed beyond Os Papuas (Papua New Guinea) and explored and chartered part of the coast of Nova Guinea. They did not find gold - but they did find the northern coast of a huge continent: Australia. Captain Janszoon was the first European to map and record Australia in history so Duyfken's voyage marks the beginning of Australia's recorded history.